A Brief History Of The Uyghur Ethnic Group.
When checking the latest information, it is said that the number of ethnic groups in the world today stands at around one hundred thousand. These groups are classified in accordance with their cultural heritage, history, homeland, and beliefs.
Just like with any other groups, there are the majority ethnic groups as well as the minority ethnic groups. Today, we have other groups that are yet to be documented and classified according to the UN.
Uyghurs are among the minority ethnic groups of this time. Their origin can be traced back to Turkey even though they currently live in Central and East Asia. They reside in the People’s Republic of China primarily in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. They are considered to be one of the 55 nationally recognized minority ethnic group.
The majority of these people can be found in China even though they can also be traced in other parts that are near Turkey. By 2010, it was estimated that Kazakhstan had over 200,000 Uyghur people. Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan are next with over 100,000 combined. Ironically, Turkey has slightly over 45,000 of the Uyghurs.
The other numbers that are found around the world is small. There was a time when these people were mainly called the Turks because of their language.
According to the late 19th Century encyclopedia, the Uyghurs were considered to be the most ancient of the Turkish tribes. Their origin dates back to the 2nd century. The 15th century marks the time when the Uyghur name was lost but later on, in time it was reintroduced. People use this name to address the entire group rather than a specific group.
This group is known to be among the minority ethnic group and also as the oldest group to exist. They are also known as one of the groups that have stayed true to their beliefs as their ancestors.
Their economic activities involve farming, black smith, and baking in this region. However, there are those who are known for their pastoralist activities.
They speak both Uyghur and Chines language. They widely practice Islam and are the followers of the Sunni Sect. They also have a close relationship with other ethnic groups such as the Tocharians, the Karluks, and the Turkic people.
The Uyghur people spread across the world when their kingdoms collapsed. The split ended up with the formation of the Ganzhou Kingdom near the present-day Zhangye in China. People believe that the current Uyghur people are descendants of this kingdom.
The people of Uyghur have had an opportunity that other groups have failed of practicing their belief without external influences from other people.