Water supply systems usually need high pressures so as to pump water to longer distances. It is also possible for systems that have water moving in a cycle to lose the pressure after some time. In such a scenario, it will be necessary to install a supplementary mechanism called the booster pump system. Water booster pumps are used for a variety of applications that are listed below.
Where the System Covers a Large Geographical Location
A working system of water supply makes use of pipes, valves and gates to direct water to a given location. Friction, which is an opposing force to the flow of water, acts on the water in the pipes. The longer a pipe network is, the greater the opposition to flow. The implication is that there’s a significant reduction in the pressure of the water. Due to this phenomenon, there’s need to inject in some extra pressure to ensure that the water reaches its intended endpoint. Booster pumps are normally installed at certain intervals on a long distance pipeline to provide the necessary boost of pressure.
Deep Well Water Extraction
In some cases, the water to be extracted is contained in very deep wells. This often happens when sinking boreholes in relatively dry areas that have low water tables. The system installed over such a well will require very high pressure to draw water against gravity. And due to the fact that there may not be sufficient pressure in one pump to accomplish the task, the system will require incorporation of booster pumps along its length to supplement the primary pumps.
Pumping System with a Varied Load
Most water supply systems for the urban centers usually have to cope with a varied demand for water This is because people utilize different amounts of water at various times in the course of the day. Fluctuation of the demand for water into peak and off-peak conditions result from this varied consumption. It wouldn’t be cost-effective for the water suppliers to install water pumps for peak supply. Instead, a system is put in place such that it can comfortably handle the off-peak consumption rate an then have a supplementary system in place with booster pumps to take care of the peak consumption rates. Doing so guarantees that the system operates optimally regardless of the prevailing conditions.
Human Waste Disposal Systems
Municipal sewage waste also has varying degrees of viscosity. To prevent the blockage of the piping system, more pressure is usually required to pump human waste with higher viscosity than that with a lower viscosity. The system is therefore configured in such a way that the primary pumps can handle the basic flow, while the booster pumps kick in cases when there’s extra viscous flow.